History of Breast Implants
This has been more than half a century of time since the first development of breast implants. This is a material that has been through a lot of appreciation, depreciation, controversy and appraisal. Through it all a breast augmentation surgery with the use of breast implants is the most common cosmetic surgery in the UK and an estimated 30 million of women are happily living with breast implants, and in the recent times since the past 10years, anywhere from 8 to 10thousand of women consider and choose this surgery to improve the deficiencies of their breast proportions, every year.
However, the root of the whole idea and the first development of breast implants can be dated back to the 19th century with direct injections of body fat, paraffin and silicone to enlarge breasts. However, these procedures somewhat did not meet the whole purpose and were rather greatly prone to health hazards like infection, necrosis, inflammation and many such surgical traumas. Sometimes this could even lead to mastectomy.
Standardized silicone gel implants were developed during 1958 succeeding its way after a number of designs and types of incisions. The breast augmentation surgeries were starting to show some consistent successful cases with the silicone implants and a handful of incision types.
However, as implant rupturing and leakage of the gel has still been an interminable complication, silicone gel implants were subject to much controversies and was questioned about its safety and meanwhile saline implants were introduced.
Saline breast implants are made up of a silicon shell and are filled with a sterile solution which, even if it ruptures the saline solution would cause no harm to the body. And the device worked and ruled the as the best breast augmentation device during the early 90s till 2006, meanwhile silicone implants were facing numerous medical, scientific and legal testimonies, headed by FDA.
By 2006 the silicone breasts were cleared of all condemns when FDA approved it’s safe to have them as breast augmentation devices.
In the recent times silicone implants are the mostly chosen in the UK with a maximum rate of success stories and so with saline implants. So they are both in the same spectrum of safety and complications which is up to the determination of independent choices and requirements, which can be discussed and sorted out with a well recognised plastic surgeon.
However, as with the complication of capsualar contracture, although are still an interminable complication today, there is a number of safety measures and Despite this well-known fact, the majority of the attention given to implants over the 50year period has focused on implant rupture and unsubstantiated claims that implants cause systemic human disease.
Currently silicone gel-filled implants in the UK have developed forth and fifth generation implants with cohesive gel implants, which have much stricter manufacturing standards and testing standards. Fifth generation cohesive gel implants have already been in wide use in the UK for the past ten years as well around the world, but are still not approved by the FDA. Cohesive gel implants are commonly referred as gummy bear implants. The advantages of these implants include less rippling and the lack of gel extrusion/leak if the silicone elastomer shell breaks. There are also hopes that these implants would have a lower capsular contracture rate, but preliminary evidence suggests that contracture is still a major problem as with all previous generations of implants. All in all a breast augmentation surgery with both silicone and saline impalnts is the most commonly sought cosmetic procedure in the UK. And the newer technique of fat transfer augmentation is also making a mark with its popularity.